EXCURSION 1: SEVILLA DOWNTOWN
- Cathedral. Its crowning summit, the Giralda, one of Europe's most famous towers, was begun in the late 1100s by the Moors and was raised even higher by the Catholic monarchs in 1568.
- Palacio Arzobispal. This 16th-century building rests on 13th-century foundations, with a 17th-century baroque facade of great beauty.
- Convento de la Encarnación. Part of its architectural curiosity includes the widespread use of the lobed, horseshoe-shape arches and windows traditionally used in mosques.
- Reales Alcázar. The oldest royal seat in Spain was originally built for the Moorish caliphs in A.D. 712 as a fortress, then enlarged and embellished over the next thousand years by successive generations of Moors and, beginning in 1248, Christian rulers.
- Ayuntamiento & Calle Sierpes. Begun in 1527, and enlarged during the 19th century, this is the city's political showcase.